The Beretta BM59 is an Italian-made rifle based on the M1 Garand rifle with the main addition of having a detachable magazine and a selective fire. It was adopted in 1959 and served with Italian, Argentinian, Indonesian and Moroccan armies. In the early 1980s, semi-automatic versions were imported to the USA and sold to private collectors. It should be noted that earliest BM59s were manufactured from available US manufactured M1 parts, including re-chambered barrels.
In 1990, the BM59 was replaced in Italian service by the Beretta AR70/90 assault rifles.